wither

wither, shrivel, wizen mean to lose or cause to lose freshness and smoothness of appearance.
Wither implies a loss of vital moisture (as sap or body fluids) with consequent fading or drying up and ultimate decay or death
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withered leaves

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[blossoms] which fall before they witherBinyon

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The term is often used in an extended sense implying a similar loss of vitality, vigor, or animation
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age cannot wither her, nor custom stale her infinite variety— Shak.

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art, he thought, should flower from an immediate impulse towards self-expression or communication, and should wither with the passing of the impulse— Huxley

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Shrivel carries a stronger implication of becoming wrinkled or crinkled or shrunken in size than wither; usually also it implies a cause (as a blasting or blighting by or as if by intense heat) or a lack of invigorating influences (as rain or, in extended use, encouragement, stimulation, or variety of employments)
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the leaves shrivel in the hot sun

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age has shriveled her skin

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the man whose . . . practical life [is] shriveled to an insignificant routine— Ellis

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Wizen, especially in the past participle, is often preferred to wither or shrivel when the ideas of shrinking in size, and the wrinkling of the face or other surface especially through age, lack of nourishment, or failing vitality are especially stressed
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a wizened old man

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the wizened face of a poorly nourished boy

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a wizened shrub, a starveling bough— Browning

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Analogous words: *dry, parch, desiccate: shrink, *contract, constrict

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

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  • Wither — est un super héros mutant appartenant à l’univers de Marvel Comics. Il est apparu pour la première fois dans New Mutants vol.2 #3, en 2003. Origines Le jeune Kevin Ford développa un pouvoir mortel à la puberté, tuant son père par accident. Il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wither — With er, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Withered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Withering}.] [OE. wideren; probably the same word as wederen to weather (see {Weather}, v. & n.); or cf. G. verwittern to decay, to be weather beaten, Lith. vysti to wither.] [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Wither — With er, v. t. 1. To cause to fade, and become dry. [1913 Webster] The sun is no sooner risen with a burning heat, but it withereth the grass, and the flower thereof falleth. James i. 11. [1913 Webster] 2. To cause to shrink, wrinkle, or decay,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • wither — [with′ər] vi. [ME widren, var. of wederen, lit., to weather, expose to the weather < weder, WEATHER] 1. to dry up, as from great heat; shrivel; wilt: said esp. of plants 2. to lose vigor or freshness; become wasted or decayed 3. to weaken;… …   English World dictionary

  • wither — index decay, decline (fall), degenerate, diminish, languish, perish Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton …   Law dictionary

  • Wither —   [ wɪȓə], George, englischer Dichter, * Bentworth (County Hampshire) 11. 6. 1588, ✝ London 2. 5. 1667; schrieb pastorale, didaktische und satirische Lyrik. Ein gegen den Königshof gerichtetes spöttisches Gedicht (»Abuses stript and whipt«, 1613) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • wither — 1530s, alteration of M.E. wydderen dry up, shrivel (c.1300), apparently a differentiated and special use of wederen to expose to weather (see WEATHER (Cf. weather)). Cf. Ger. verwittern to become weather beaten, from Witter weather …   Etymology dictionary

  • wither — [v] droop, decline atrophy, become stale, blast, blight, collapse, constrict, contract, decay, deflate, desiccate, deteriorate, die, disintegrate, dry, dry up, fade, fold, languish, perish, shrink, shrivel, wane, waste, waste away, wilt, wizen;… …   New thesaurus

  • wither — ► VERB 1) (of a plant) become dry and shrivelled. 2) become shrunken or wrinkled from age or disease. 3) fall into decay or decline. 4) (withering) scornful. DERIVATIVES witheringly adverb. ORIGIN …   English terms dictionary

  • wither — UK [ˈwɪðə(r)] / US [ˈwɪðər] verb Word forms wither : present tense I/you/we/they wither he/she/it withers present participle withering past tense withered past participle withered 1) wither or wither away [intransitive] to become weaker or… …   English dictionary

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